Ms. Sharafat Gadimova (BS, Information Technology, Azerbaijan State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan; MS, Engineering, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand) is a programme officer at the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs in Vienna, Austria. She is involved in the organization of the United Nations activities related to Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), particularly the development of the Internal Committee on GNSS and the activities of the United Nations affiliated regional centres for space science and technology education
The International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) was established in 2005 under the umbrella of the United Nations as an informal, voluntary body for the purpose of promoting cooperation, as appropriate, on matters of mutual interest related to civil satellite-based positioning, navigation, timing and value-added services. ICG is a unique platform for multilateral discussions among system providers. Since the establishment of ICG, its work has increased rapidly in line with the expectation that global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) applications will continue to grow in the coming years.
The ultimate goal of ICG is to achieve the compatibility and interoperability of GNSS, thereby saving costs through international cooperation and making positioning, navigation and timing available globally for societal benefits, including monitoring all aspects of environment and security. Another significant issue before ICG is the integration of GNSS services into national infrastructure, in particular in developing nations.
ICG pursues its work through four working groups, involving both GNSS operators and international organizations representing a cross-section of major users of GNSS. The working groups focus on systems, signals and services; enhancement of GNSS performance, new services and capabilities; information dissemination and capacity-building; and reference frames, timing and applications.
Significant progress has been made through ICG, and the results of its work not only promote the capabilities of GNSS to support sustainable development, but also build capacity in the use of GNSS technologies and their applications for the benefit of all nations.